Use of gadgets and devices (adaptive equipment) to make tasks easier.
Using modified techniques to place less stress on the joints (joint protection).
Modifying the flow and pace of how activities are performed in order to minimize muscle fatigue, joint stress, and pain (energy conservation).
Use of Heat and cold
Use cold packs for acute pain or swelling.
Use heat packs to control more chronic pain or relax the muscles.
Wearing compression or Isotoner gloves at night may help control swelling and provide a comforting, neutral warmth.
Perform gentle ROM exercises to keep joints as flexible as possible.
Use of topical pain relieving creams if helpful and as needed.
Modalities such as ultrasound, electrical stimulation and iontophoresis may be helpful to reduce pain and inflammation.
Therapeutic taping may be helpful to reduce pain and provide gentle support.
A short course of anti-inflammatory medications, such as NSAIDs, may be helpful in the inflammatory stage of arthritis onset as prescribed by an MD or an over-the-counter (Advil, Aleve) if not contraindicated by other medical conditions.
A Cortisone injection into the painful area may temporarily reduce inflammation and pain.
If conservative treatment methods do not alleviate the symptoms, surgical options may be considered.